The Equine Science Club is dedicated to stimulate an interest in equine science, promote equine related opportunities for all students, inform prospective students and other interested students of the various aspects of equine science, and promote intellectual, social, and recreational activities.


May 1, 2006

Hey everyone,

I cleaned my room one day, and totally forgot to send out a meeting minute before I did so. I just found the notes I took from the massage therapist demo. So, before I step down as your secretary, I will send these out.

Our demonstrator, Karen, is a massage therapist, She came to Cook on 4/6 and did a demo on Skylar, the lucky mounted patrol horse. She got her equissage certification 3 yrs ago in a class that was 5 days long.
Massage therepy technique started with Mary Sheiber(might have spelled name wrong!)

In MT,

There are different strokes one can use.
1)palpation: sliding stroke to locate trigger points
2)compression: use heel of hand/back of hand to soften/squish muscle
3)fingers: (cat claw)
4) percussion: side of fist/hand to relax the muscle in a cupping motion

What she does in an evaluation
1) introduce herself to the horse
2)ask the horse to lower head- talk to him(drop for 7-8 sec) to relax him 3)mild pressure at bulb of head
4) gain trust
5)lift/look up

starts with massage
1) at atlas- 1 or 2 sensitive points- palpation at the neck(light to heavy pressure). She used moderate pressure here 2)run down the top line in palpating strokes-her fingers run down the mane(light, then mod, then heavy pressure) and then she slides down the spine and places hand along his shoulder and hip in cause he decides to kick(which he didnt) 3)she worked the muscles in his back with compression, palpation,
direct(recovery) which she used her thumb, light for 10 sec, mod pressure 15, and heavy pressure for 20 seconds.
4) she stayed off the cervical spines because she is feeling for tension , knots and twitching in the muscles

some different names she had for her moves -Tai Chi - take elbow and glide along the deltoid muscle
- Lock in lock- at the whithers
-zig-zag stroke- located tension and applied direct pressure in zig zag fashion....light pressure, mod, and heavy pressure deactivates the tension/knots

if you use too much pressure, the horse will bite u!

she went over all the muscles on Skylar and he def didnt mind.
to close off the section she was working with, she used a "pounding"
method but not near the kidneys.

She highly suggested that neone with horses can do some of what she did on their own.
-move down the spine to prevent saddle sore -stretching
-pulling tail to side of hip
any questions you can contact karen at :
here's a thanks from her....for her first demo...i thought she did awesomely!

Hey Tiffany. I appreciate you offering me the opportunity to come and speak to your club. I hope that they were able to get something out of the demo and/or discussion. I'm sorry that it wasn't a bit more interesting. It was the first demo I've done so I have lots to learn.
Please ask them for any comments or constructive criticism for me as this was a new experience for me. If anyone is interested in learning more about the training or the organization that offers it, please have them send me an email and I'll help them in any way I can.

Thanks again and have a great day.



I think that's it....this is sad that this is my last email to send to the club...hope everyone has a great time on the trip this wednesday. Our new secretary's email is so expect emails from her from now field day...we did amazingly as a club with selling sweatshirts/tshirts and baked goods.

Thanks everyone for everything!

Erin Rockhill
former Equine Science Club Secretary :'-(

April 20, 2006

Elections were tonight. Thanks for everyone who made it out.
We went over our positions and had a majority vote for the positions available....which were all since all the old exec board is graduating...

For Prez==> Vikki Shekk
V. Prez ==> Jennie Zambito
Secretary==> Laura Gladney
Treasurer==> Kristen Lewis
Activities Coordinator==> Tiffany Morey

Congrats to the new exec board....this is my somewhat almost last email I will be sending the club <tear>.

Ag field day is coming up - next sat.

Trail ride is May Jackie Ogbin, our current act cooridinator for details. I can not go so that leaves 4 spots open now?
she should have the count.

Thanks and again, congrats!

Erin Rockhill
Equine sCience Club Secretary

March 9, 2006

Dr Megan Campbell from Mid-Atlantic came to speak to us about the whole facility and how they run things. Some background info is that she has been riding since she was 5 yrs old, went to Cornell for undergrad and vet school, started doing an internship at Mid-atlantic and is now doing ambulatory calls. She says there are A LOT of doctors and techs on staff.
There are also a bunch of different departments.

Surgery department:
They do elective surgeries
-Perform upper airway surgeries which is a big problem in performance horses, epiglottis problems.
-arthroscopic surgeries
-emergency services(surgical and medical colic**)
-fluid in GI tract and GI tract ruptures eventually. The horse can not throw up. Time is pretty important in that waiting to treat can lead to surgery as well as putting the horses life in danger.
-laceration repairs<== really worry bout this if the lacerations are over joint/tendon sheaths, don't want horse to get septic.
-emergency c-sections <== also for alpacas.

Imaging Department:
-Have digital radiography(digital pic and resolution is better) and nuclear scintigraphy(inject radioisotope into vein and binds to metabloizing bone. The radioisotope lasts 24 hours and then the animals are sent home. The more blk the pic on the screen comes up means more metabolism in the bone==> indicator to lameness (inflamed and sore).

Medical Department:

-neonatal ICU(big Feb==>June) ex. Neonatal Maladjustment Syndrome--"dummies"
-looks at diseases of internal organs
-do endoscopy--GI tract, nasal, bladder, uterus -Ultrasounds

Ambulatory Dept: what Megan does

-includes going to different farms with 2 trucks fully stocked with preventative health care.
-Do AI and synchronization of mares(both mares have to be at certain points in cycle to take in embryos being transferred) -dentistry -routine surgical procedures -lameness exams- using IRAP and shockwave -emergency care -pre-purchase exams -acupunture

Repro Department:
-AI, embryo transfer, stallion collection, semen eval and freezing -help sub-fertile mares get pregnant

Lab department:
-in house testing--fast results as well as send out for lab results

Pharmacy dept:
they have LOTS of drugs available/stocked.

Erin Rockhill
Equine Science Club Secretary

March 6, 2006

hey everyone!

this thursday, march 9th we are having Dr. Meghan Campbell from Mid Atlantic Equine Hospital to come and talk at 8pm in CCC 202BC. It should be very interesting.

meeting minutes from last time....also....we are very close to deciding whether or not we want to order again, neone who didnt make it to the last meeting or hasnt already let me know if they're interested, come to this meeting and let us know! we also will have signups for the trip on the march 25th to walnridge.

last meeting we had Dr Williams only grad student, Emily Lamprecht, come and talk to us about her research in synovial fluid in the joints and how it can potentially affect a horses performance as well as talkin bout grad school.

Some background info bout Emily--she grew up around horses, and received her BS in Ani sci and a BA in psychology. She was thinking bout going to vet school but then became interested in nutrition and took off doing that workin with dairy cows, swine, and horses. So her passion was nutrition which is what she is doing her PhD in, nutrition and exercise physiology in horses.

Her research involves exercise immunology as well as using different feed/supplements in trying to treat inflammed joints. She's focusing on joints because they get stressed a lot while racing, a lot of damage is done which can in the long run really hurt the animals as well as making a lot of animals become unwanted for the owners can not use them anymore.
1/3 of slaughtered horses had joint inflammations. She also mentioned
that this research can also be applied to humans.

So what happens to the joint...the fluid builds up and inflames and there is constant wearing/repairing cycle going on. The animal runs around the track despite all this going on, and inflammation and break down of cartilage starts occuring and if it is not treated right away, the horse cant race because it is in pain.

some therapies include:
-corticosteroids--injected but have side effects of gastric ulcers. but they reduce the inflammation but can also create cartilage degradation.
also when injecting into a joint, there are potential dangers of creating sepsis in the animal -hyaluronic acid is another therapy which lubricates the joints -oral supplements- most cost effective but do they work? there are only 3 FDA approved vs the many others out on the market.
-shockwave therapy-increases circulation

so Emily's studies want to combine exercise and supplements to see which ones best decrease inflammation. she says that the supplements have anti-inflammatory, chondroprotective, and antioxidant properties and are cost effective and can benefit the joints while proviiding the supplements
in the horses feed. to see how the exercising effects the joints, she
will use three different exercises, see which one causes the most inflammation and use that as the model for the research. She will draw blood, do joint taps before, and after exercising. then 24 hrs later and see if the supplements are goin to the joints. so her research seems really interesting and if neone is interested in seeing ne joint taps, she will let me know when she does them and ill let everyone else know!
oh, and her avg workweek is about 60

thats about it!

hope u all enjoyed the reading!

Erin Rockhill
Equine Science Club Secretary

February 28, 2006

Hey everyone!

Hope you all enjoyed the first official equine science club meeting of this semester, those of you who could make it. We had a pretty good turn out despite the fact that the meeting was held out of everyones way in teh beginning, we went over important club info...such as special events we wanna get involved with, trips, and more here it is!

-interested in getting club sweatshirts? let us know and we'll order them according to interest!!

-ag field day(when new exec board takes over)
start thinking bout running for exec board, neone have ne ideas?
-april 20th=ELECTIONS!!
-special friends day= march 5th
relay for life= animal science team--contact steph cruz for more info

start signing up....if interested let me or neone else on the exec board know!

march 9th- dr cambell from mid atlantic
March 23-dr shuster- chiropractor
april 4th- cornell vet(equine) joint meeting with prevet april 20th- again...elections

march 25- walridge--need a head count so if interested, let us know ASAP!!!
YES...this date was changed from march 4th....

april 1st-trail ride...and this is no april fools joke ;-P april 8th =mid atlantic trip

this dates could just be aware and alert!!

illl send a different email for the minutes

Erin Rockhill
Equine Science Club Secretary

November 10, 2005

Hi all

So last Thursday we had Dr. Rachel Gardener come and speak. Dr. Gardener is a neo-natal specialist at BW Furlong & Associates in Oldwick, NJ. BW Furlong is currently looking for volunteer foal sitters (Job responsibilites include caring for ill foals, monitoring pregnant mares, excercising healthier mares and foals, checking vitals, ect). For those of you who are interested, I have applications, and will bring them to the next meeting.

Dr. Gardener's presentation was entitled "Life in the Equine Neo-Natal Intensive Care Unit". The following is an overview of her presentation:

Mares should be moved to their foaling environment 4-6 weeks prior to their due date, so they can adjust and develop antibodies to the new environment. Many of the horses they deal with are considered to have "high-risk" pregnancies. These include: previous birthing problems, colic, illness, and injury. It's the vet's job to manage the high risk births through monitoring the fetus by ultrasound, fetal heart rate, and electrocardiograms. Dr. Gardener then discussed the process of a normal birth, and then went into what to look for as signs of birthing problemes. One of the more common problems is dystocia, or prolonged labor. This is usually caused by malpresentation of the foal in the birth canal, and its position is adjusted bt the vet. Another problem is called "red bag presentation" and is caused by the failure of the placenta to rupture during delivery. What the vet must do is immediately rupture the tissue to free the foal. Another placental problem is when the placenta is not expelled by the mare, this is called a retained placenta. While it has many causes, it can be dangerous to the mare as it can cause septicemia, laminitis, and even death. This is treated though antibiotics, oxytocin (to make uterus contract and expel the placenta), and lavage. Dr. Gardener stressed that monitoring of the foal right after birth is important, as it gives signs of the foal's well being or problems. As foals are born with no antibodies, they need colostrum, which is the first milk produced by the mare. If her colostrum in inadequate, it is important to obtain some from a colostrum bank. While there are many things that can go wrong with pregnancy, delivery, and post-partum, proper monitoring of your mare and foal can help detect problems earlier, and increase the likelihood of having a healthy mare and foal.

That's it for now, again, if you're interested in foal sitting, either contact me, or pick up an application at our next meeting. See you all then!

Jessica Hirsch
Equine Science Club Vice President

November 3, 2005

Hi again! and oops! I forgot my signature!!

This will hopefully be the LAST email I will send you tonight for I am going out soon!

Medieval Times Trip is coming up!!

Yes, I said it! November 18th will be the greatest night in Medieval Times history, for the awesomest club on cook will be there!!! Anyone interested in going, do ur thing and fill out the forms along with ur SS#, put it in the box. Those who have been to our meetings, and helped with all our events(halloween bash...) will have higher priority!! There are limited seats available, like 20, and they will fill up fast since we are opening it up to the whole cook community! did i mention its free?

Turkey Trot! Sunday, Nov 20th from 8am-230pm rain or shine registration closes Nov 11th! so do it fast!! if neone needs a registration sheet, I can make copies!

2 days after Medieval Times at the Horse Park of NJ. If you do not have a horse to ride BUT are really interested, remember George Bordey?? He said he will lend us horses to ride, from the very easy riders to the more fricken awesome is that man?! However, it will be a ride at ur own risk sort of deal. SRF and Cook will NOT be held responsible for any injuries. Though you will be able to get to ride a horse for free, the registration is 40 bucks and try to register in pairs!!

Any ?s, ask me or anyone else on the exec board!!

Erin Rockhill
Equine Science Club Secretary

October 27, 2005

Hey everyone!!

Hope you all had an awesome and safe halloween, as well as tried to trick or treat like me and my roomies did!!

Next meeting will be this Thurs, Nov 10th at 8pm as usual in the CCC 202s.
We will be having Rachel Garner come speak to us. She is an equine specialist, in fact a neo-natal specialist. More details will be in the Student Life Weekly for this week.

Anyway, we had an AWESOME speaker come, Mr George Brodey, the director from the Standardbred Retirement Foundation(SRF). He started with a bunch of history, about how the foundation was founded in 1989 and that the first standardbred was an English Arabian Stallion, "Messenger" in the 1700s. From him, started the division btwn Standardbreds(more docile) and Thoroughbreds(nervous horses). From here on in, breeding became a science, where ppl would breed pacers with pacers to get a faster horse and whatnot. He also emphasized the fact that 65000 horses got slaughtered last year due to people overbreeding. Although the US has only 2 slaughter houses open, there are still a lot in Canada and Mexico.

What the foundation does is teach kids social skills, such as love, being gentle, with the horses. They also rescue unwanted horses from being slaughtered if they are still usable, riding wise or as pasteur pals. The foundation has 119 horses scattered in 16 foster farms in NJ and about another 50 across the nation. So, he was saying that the foundation really needs their own farm as well as get sponsors to help pay their vet bills, because the bills do get quite expensive.

Of the 119 horses, about 49 are ridable and the rest are pasteur pals. In order to adopt one of these retired horses, the application process is very tough. All the applicants own animals must be UTD with all shots to prove that they can take care of such a needy animal.

For all of you that went to this meeting, George Brodey has sent about 10 individual packages to Tiff Trotters CPO so we should be getting them soon. I have the list to say who was there and who was not, so, at the next meeting, we will be handing them out!

October 13, 2005

hey everyone!

Quick reminder before the minutes!!
We still NEED ppl to sign up for the Halloween Bash for the kids of NB on Oct 28th from 6-9pm. All you have to do is dress up, paint/give out some crafts, and give out candy!! Its not hard AND you all will have plenty of time to go out that Fri for Halloween parties. So please help! THIS Fri Oct 21st. Meet 6pm at PAL building, leave 630....races start 730...FREE! Fill out the waivers and put them in our box with ur SS#!!

Oct 20th- NJ Horse Council 6-9pm
Location: Rick's Saddle Shop, Cream Ridge, NJ (~1 hr drive)
Price: Free seminar, Free food, extended saddle shop hours
For directions

Thanks to everyone who came to the awesome meeting last thursday, despite the rainy conditions!! We had a pretty good turnout and an awesome demonstration was performed on Skylar, the 18 yr old mounted patrol horse.
Tracey Vroom did an awesome job explaining what she was doing throughout the demo, as well as providing pamphlets about holistic therapy, craniosacral work, on TMJ(temporal-mandibular joint) which can get stressed when the horse is not aligned right. So, if neone wants copies of these pamphplets, let me know and ill make you a copy!

Anyway, this is what I wrote down from the demonstration.

In order for Tracey to do this holistic therapy, she had to take a $625 4-day course to become certified after the first course. She continued
with more detailed courses after her first course. During her first
class, she was taught the 10 step protocol for diagnosing problem areas.

In cranio-sacral work, the animal(she works with horses, cats, dogs, and
birds) is in a meditative state, and Tracey would palpate the animals rhythm of the core link, the cerebral spinal fluid(CSF). She then feels for it to fill up and then release, which prevents the cranial bones from fusing. So, for an animal to get this done, feels good but uncomfortable because it causes all sorts of reactions, such as being more gassy, or the CSF "popping" and the animal will try and move around a lot. This kind of therapy is not a lot of pressure on the animal, as the audience saw, we couldnt really see Tracey massaging the horse, just pressing her hand against his body, releasing the energy from her hands and drawing attention to that specific area that she's touching(circular movements, moving skin around which changes brainwave activity). The body will react to this energy and realize that something in that area is "off", and will self heal itself by releasing the CSF.

When Tracey looked at Skylar, she noticed right away that his sacrum was off and that he most likely has a sore back. She found this out by looking at the sacrum as well as noticing that his bite was off, which she said can definately affect his hind end. A horses bite is the major pattern zone for the body, so if its off, then the rest of the horses body will be off.

Also when doing the craniosacral work, she looks for disfunction in the rhythm of the animals in general, by "scanning" through the layers of their anatomy. Any signs of head shaking, cribbing, balance/gait/movement issues, post dental work, neurological issues, can all be helpe with CS therapy. Even a racing horse that runs all the time, get a lot of sessions that really help them in reduction of inflammation, makes the muscles more flexible, and helps all the body systems work properly.

A new horse would take Tracey about 1 1/2 hours to do a complete workup with NO talkin throughout the session so the horse is completely relaxed.
After the sacrum work, she would work with the TMJ(if is has bumps and striations, that area needs massaging). Then she goes to the Tellington Method which is applyin light pressure. On a 1-10 scale, the pressure is about a 3, so its really not that much.

This kind of therapy is complimental to other mainstream medicine and does a really good job on the animals without prescibing any medications that could potentially hurt the animal. Unfortunately, we ran out of time, so this is it! Again, this was an awesome demo and thanks for everyone for coming out!

Erin Rockhill
EqUiNe ScIeNcE cLuB sEcReTaRy

October 10, 2005

hey everyone....allright....this will be long BUT informative!! so please read all!! like wired with caffeine right now....had that extra lg coffee from quik chek like 7 hours ago....still hasnt left my

OUR NEXT AWESOME MEETING WILL BE THIS THURSDAY.....OCTOBER 13th at the can meet ppl who are driving over there at the PAL building at 750 to leave by 8pm...We are having Tracey Vroom perform a holistic therapy demo on Skylar, one of the mounted patrol horses that has real back problems, so this demo is the real deal. Tracey is involved in craniosacral therapy, the tellington method, and reiki, all of which I am sure will be explained during the demo. So, please come and tell anyone else who might be interested!! sign-ups for the HALLOWEEN bash on Fri Oct 28th will also be passed around(1/2 hour shifts from 6-9pm) so please help!

Please pick up waiver forms for the Meadowlands trip before this meeting and have them in the Equine Science Club mailbox in the Cook Campus Center with your SS#, which is needed to give to RUPD. This trip was officially opened up to the Cook community on Fri, so its first come first serve, and
we can only take about 20ppl. It will be a free trip, so neone not going
to FRIGHT FEST...come on the trip and watch races which start at 730pm.
Which means, everyone meets at the PAL building at 6 to leave at 630.

This came from Dr go if u have time and r interested!!

October 20th 6:00 to 9:00 NJ Horse Council Open Meeting
Speaker: Dr. Scott Palmer, President of AAEP, speaking on the "Unwanted Horse"
Location: Rick's Saddle Shop, Cream Ridge, NJ (~1 hr drive)
Price: Free seminar, Free food, extended saddle shop hours
For directions

December 13th 2:00 to 4:30 and 6:00 to 9:00 Equine Science Center Updates
Location: Ag Museum
Afternoon: Management Update
Evening: Science/Research Update
Price: $10 includes all day seminar and dinner
Must fill out registration form that can be found at

Bye and good luck with exams and stuff!!

Your equine science club secretary

Erin Rockhill

October 3, 2005

hey everyone!

our trip to the meadowlands is coming up so...mark ur calenders for Fri OCTOBER 21st. Please Please please fill out the release form that is attached to this email!! (So if ur not going to fright fest which is $25, you should come to this trip, cause its free and you get to hang out with
the cool exec board and meet new members!) After ur done filling it
out, put it in the Equine Science Club mailbox that is located in the campus center(basically next to the guy's bathroom) within the next two weeks, and hopefully before our next meeting....on Oct 13th. Tracey Vroom will be doing a healing therapy demo in the details soon to come, about where to meet and whatnot...but same time....8pm....and details about the meeting time for the trip will come soon as well ;p

Also there is a NJ Horse Council Meeting on thurs Oct 20th. Scott Palmer will be talking about the unwanted horse summit in Cream Ridge, NJ? I think I copied that right, Dr Williams was just giving me some basic info, but again, I will get more details about this for you guys! thing I do know is that there will be FREE FOOD! yey!

Erin Rockhill
EqUiNe ScIeNcE cLuB sEcReTaRy
Newell 2

September 30, 2005

Dr Williams talked about how she researches nutrition in horses and how nutrition affects the performance in a horse. at this meeting, she performed a mock study on the treadmill. She said ppl started using horses on the TM bc they are good models for humans, having similar metabolisms, and sweating to thermoregulate. It also keeps the horses in one place so that multiple students can work on them and not have to chase them in the pasteur! During regular TM studies, Dr Williams gets blood(which she did 2night), moniters the heartrate, and takes the horses temperature.

Tonight, Snowdrift, an ex-race horse, was used for the demo. To prepare her for the TM these things are done: BTW...she got up to 30MPH!!
1) put on a nylon halter in case of tripping so it doesnt snap off like a leather halter
2)2 solid cotton leadropes on each side of the halter- prevents "rugburn"
on the ppl holders
3)a "sir single" is put on her back and wrapped around her chest and hooked to another rope thats connected to the safety quick release mechanism of the TM so in case she falls the quick release will shut off the TM.
4) Bell boots on all 4 hooves to keep the horse from tripping and kicking themselves.
in a real study 5) heartrate moniter around her belly
6) catheters- measure heartrate, blood pressure, and take blood

always take a blood sample before(resting sample=more RBC, less blood) and after(more blood, less RBC= blood dopin in ppl) exercising. Horses naturally do this blood dopin with their spleen, which stores the RBC. It allows for more RBCs to go to the muscles for a faster horse that can run for longer periods of time.

After the blood is taken, lab work can be done, such as centrifugin the blood. This separates the RBCs, plasma, and WBCs, which can be pipetted out of the sample to measure how much of each is in that sample.

Dr Williams also talked about grad school vs vet school.
She went to grad school because she was literally paid to go whereas with vet school...she would have been in debt. She makes what a vet would make right out of vet school. She also said that sm animal vets make more $$ than lg animal vets and that men make more than women.

That about wraps everything up! Thanks for reading and have an awesome night and hope to see u at the next meeting/trip!!

Erin Rockhill
EqUiNe ScIeNcE cLuB sEcReTaRy
Newell 2




This site is maintained by the Department of Animal Sciences, Rutgers University.